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Recounting a tale from a Shipibo curandero (healer) with an unbroken lineage:

It's a relatively new phenomena that the patient drinks the medicine. Traditionally, before Westerners, the curandero would drink alone in the presence of the patient. And earlier still the curandero drank a medicine derived solely from ayahuasca vine (banisteriopsis caapi). That is, the medicine did not contain chacruna (psychotria viririds) as it does today in order to bring about visions. It was not needed for visions and to heal.

Chacruna was added in the 1900s due to the impact of westernization in the region and the negative affect on the curanderos' natural connections.

So it isn't necessarily that a formula of two plants was magically discovered at the very beginning.

I love https://hn.algolia.com. I usually use it to search through my own comment history. I wish reddit.algolia.com existed, as the existing options are not good. I wonder if it would scale to the reddit corpus?

Just tired. A lot more tired than I should be.

There are times when you simply can't avoid it, and in those cases pass is great for doing so because you can revoke keys and rotate the password when someone leaves.

I don't agree. I can speak 2 foreign languages (that I learned in adulthood) and read 2 others, but I still have a distinct bias against certain regional accents - though only USA regional accents. I can't distinguish any other countries regional accents (or if I can, they all sound good to me).

In the link you provided, I didn’t see any formal validation studies presented justifying the scale/test/instrument they were using here. That’s the sort of practice that leads to a inability to reproduce and validate the results...

Why would you need custom scripts when both Browserpass and GoPass Bridge have browser extensions for pass?

Domestic and feral ex-domestic cats kill far more birds than either. If this is a real concern, banning cat ownership is top of the list.

For those unfamiliar with the power of APL, see this demo of someone livecoding the Game of Life: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9xAKttWgP4

Its modern descendent are https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J_(programming_language) & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K_(programming_language).

This is great advice. Thanks for sharing.

The History of Japanese Economic Development: Origins of Private Dynamism and Policy Competence (https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B075FX5X5J/) is the best source I found. As the author wrote it to help government officials from developing countries apply lessons from Japan's historical economic development, it's quite an approachable textbook compared to other more academic works.

The textbook is a refined version of his previous work, "The Economic Development of Japan", which is available for free: https://www.grips.ac.jp/forum/pdf06/EDJ.pdf.

Your exact comment, in full (emphasis mine):

>Planes also promise fast travel times, but if a plane crashes, we heavily investigate the cause and figure out a solution so it doesn’t occur again. The USA experiences the equivalent of over 100 Boeing 747 plane crashes a year(and rising), counting only deaths due to traffic crashes. The number spikes significantly higher when you factor in people with severe injuries who will never fully recover(think: losing arms, legs, brain damage,etc..).

>Assuming speed limits stay the same, but deaths and injuries _continue_ to rise, at what point would you say we have a ‘bad balance’ and should adjust? What is your ‘balance’ based on? Is there some ratio of VMT(vehicle miles traveled) to occurrences of deaths and dismemberment that you keep in mind?

I have found rectangle indispensable. In my particular setup my second screen is in a separate room from my main screen -- being able to send and properly place a window to the other screen in the other room is incredibly helpful. The shortcuts to quickly arrange screens without the need for a mouse is fantastic. Love rectangle.

Surely you'd have heard about it from friends or family if it was common for pregnant women to have cravings for nails and bottle caps and that their bodies need the nutrition from them?

I remember in the last handful of decades some great mystery/thriller movies with sophisticated characters where they were using Texan and Louisianan accents (think No Country for Old Men). That, to me, is what made it all the more interesting, although these weren't full on accents by comparison to how people from these places can really speak like.

>If you're storing a trillion of those km³ for yourself in water tanks

All the water tanks in the world don't add up to a trillion km³. Not by many orders of magnitude.

> the resulting labor and energy costs of converting the latter back into the former

The sun does that for free, and has done for billions of years.

If anyone wants a self-hosted password manager I'd highly recommend BitWarden.

I originally used pass (with some custom scripts to read the current URL from Chrome and copy the password for that domain), but then switched to 1Password when they came out with their cross-platform browser extensions. Having a browser extension to automatically generate and save usernames and passwords, and something that supports syncing out-of-the-box makes password management a whole lot easier.

Earlier this year I switched to BitWarden (with bitwarden-rs as the server) and it is 95% as good as 1Password. I'm happy to have something self-hosted to manage this.

What if an interpretable model is worse at telling stop signs from jackets than an uninterpretable model? Should we use the worse model because we value interpretability?

I have this same issue. We are a northern US company and one of our programmers is from the deep south. It is so hard to take him seriously with that accent which I automatically associate with uneducated rednecks. I've literally spent years trying to overcome my bias against the southern accent. One bizarre aspect to this is I was on the interview committee and am the one that convinced everyone else to hire him.

While I and many others have issues with King's apparent inability to end a story and his editors' not saying "no" enough, one thing I have actively noticed in his writing is that I never get hung up on overuse specific words or phrases. For a counter example, Frank Herbert's earlier works had the phrase "shoots a glance" so many times that I ended up being focused on counting those rather than the story. I also tend to notice when an author uses a specific term more than their peers, such as Dan Simmons and his use of) "lapiz lazuli" rather than just saying "blue". It's fine to use, but it stands out to me in ways that cause me to pause my reading and acknowledge the term consciously, rather than keep the narrative flow in my head.

One reason to want to understand what some "black box" is doing is distribution/dataset shift, especially in medical applications.

For example, suppose you're building a neural net to detect early-stage lung cancer on medical imaging, and you test/train it on patients in a small set of hospitals. Often the hospital name is given on the image, and this can be used as a covariate to improve accuracy (due to the hospitals serving different populations with different demographics). But a model that does this may suffer when put into production at other hospitals.

Some real-life examples with this flavor are given at the end of these slides: https://mlhcmit.github.io/slides/lecture10.pdf.

See also Section 6.2 of this paper for how interpretability can help choose models with superior generalization: https://arxiv.org/abs/1602.04938.

Theres a bit of lag In non english speaking spheres =}

You could always solve this problem by setting yourself an extra "day 0" challenge: write a userscript that runs on the contest website and hides all references to the leaderboard.

Just try Hugo. Jekyll is okay but extremely slow with hundreds of Ruby plug-in dependencies and nonsensical breaking changes between versions.

The author is pedantic and seems to just not want to use other tools. That’s fine. But this is a dumb road for others to follow.

Remember the entire thing started because they don’t like front matter. They could literally have written a script to parse front matter, which are literally a few plain text lines.

Then they wanted asciidoc but without the dependency. Except their own code will likely have an asciidoc dependency unless they wrote their own entire asciidoc parser. In which case they could also have done this and plugged it into the same script.

“You don’t want to get stuck into the thinking of others,” they scream into the wires, followed by hobbling themselves into the most minimal viable product straight jacket imaginable.

Fool programmers and their time are soon parted.

How is that a Ponzi Scheme? Self-promoting and narrative-building to make it sound easy, but if you’re building something that someone will pay you money for, you’re literally just building a business...?

I'm sure zoom filters that detect all such potential prejudice bearing signals and either sanitize them or translate them into your preferred locale (presumably your own - the one to which you're most sensitive) just like Vinge's localizers that were able to sense subtle emotional cues in the clicks and bzzts of an arachnid race and translate them in real time to cartoon caricature projections for human scouts aren't too far away.

West coast cities homelessness problems are indicative of nothing more than the specific economic and political realities in those cities. It is folly to extrapolate that to larger macroeconomic conditions.

While some specific cities may have their heads up their butts with regard to public policy resulting in more visible homeless the living conditions of the "almost homeless" and working poor have very much improved since the early 1970s (as far back as my knowledge goes).

You can say what you want about the blue collar middle class (off-shoring and student debt have hit them hard over the past decades) but things have very much been improving up for the poor as a whole even though some poor people are unlucky enough to live in backwards places where things have gotten worse locally.

Hydration actually isn't very important for endurance athletes in events up to a couple hours. The real benefit comes from carbohydrate supplementation. The water just acts as a convenient delivery channel to get the carbs into the athlete's body quickly.

Unless HN comments count towards the 1e6, I need to get cracking. I don't know my word count for blog / technical stuff, but I'm reasonably sure it's nowhere near a million.

Yes, I think so. In the vein of simplicity, we created a lightweight secret management script called encpass.sh (https://github.com/plyint/encpass.sh) Our use case initially was to have a simple and relatively secure way to handle secrets within shell scripts. By simple I mean does not require a lot of external dependencies and likely may already have its requirements installed on a machine.

encpass.sh only needs a POSIX compliant shell and uses OpenSSL. This is nice for restrictive computing environments (think big enterprise IT) where you may not be able to control the software that is installed on the machine.

The implementation turned out to be so useful and easily adaptable that we created an extension to it for Keybase (https://github.com/plyint/encpass.sh/blob/master/extensions/...) and have a whole workflow built around using the tool to manage secrets with teams and Keybase's builtin encrypted Git repos. (Primarily used in our automation scripts to hold API keys and other application level secrets)

I stop short of recommending the Keybase extension for others, since the acquisition of Keybase by Zoom, but the original OpenSSL version might prove useful for people who are looking for a simple secret management solution that is easy to plugin and extend.

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