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Sha256 will be replaced, but even if it's cracked before a replacement, there are alternatives ready to be deployed with a fork. It'd be ugly but not lethal.

Changing the hashing functions, encryption, and network verification are all built into bitcoin. It's designed to be resilient, and to use consensus when adapting over time.

It'd be really stupid for people to go "oh no, someone cracked sha256 and mined a million blocks, I guess we're done with bitcoin now. Buh-bye money!"

They'll fix it in the case of a noticeable exploit. If someone were clever, they'd mine blocks surreptitiously, sufficiently spaced out over time and different networks so that it looks like normal mining. They could get a few blocks per day for maybe a couple years until the upgrades. The impact to the system would be minimal.

I agree, 1000%

Having mister bottles with spore solutions to inoculate places where the seeds are planted could be a good solution. This would also reduce deadwood, increase the growth rate of the trees, retain water, and anchor more diverse ecosystems. Mushrooms have to be part of the solution. Identifying the various types of mushroom species in local healthy forest should provide a guideline for what's sprayed with the seeds. Blended suspensions of mycelium could be the best way of inoculation, but spores would definitely be better than nothing.

Wildflowers, lichens, and other flora should also be a part, based on the local ecosystems. Monoculture or insufficient diversity could result in making things worse, whereas healthy samples represent local optima discovered by natural growth.

The phonetics for whistling are the same as regular language, the vowels are just whistled instead of vocalized.

It seems to be a solution among pastoral cultures for long range communication. It probably arises as one shepherd whistles at another in their local language, and the other one whistles back "holy shit, that worked!"

I plan on trying it with friends and family next time we go fishing/camping/hiking. A little bit of practice and repetition should be all it takes.

Not a lot of easy surface details, but it seems like the language is pidgin Spanish adapted to whistling phonemes. There are a few videos where you can hear examples words like "Mexico" and so on.

A little experimentation and I found I can whistle quite a few English words, so it's probably a matter of acclimation to vocabulary limits and practice among enough individuals that things become standardized. Using things unique to whistling could augment vocabulary or add nuance, but I don't see any reason straight US English (or other languages) couldn't be used.

I could be way off base, but this is a pretty cool language format.

Wendy's social media team are incredibly good at what they do, no doubt that it's intentional.

The trouble with deconstructing story in this way is the lack of a clear stopping point. How many degrees of abstraction can you go before anything can be interpreted to mean anything else? What conditions are necessary to ascribe to a concept the meaning its author intended? What if the author meant to use ambiguity skillfully, so as to convey multiple meanings with a seemingly singular statement?

What is right and correct thinking, and if there are exceptions, does that tie into some sort of meta-rule about rightness, and how should it inform our own internal storytelling as we manifest our lives?

I'm always left at the zen koan: Before enlightenment, chop wood, carry water. After enlightenment, chop wood, carry water.

Reality is that which remains after you stop believing in it. Interpretations and narratives with subjective contexts need to tie into the "chop wood, carry water" reality of the author, or your interpretation is invalid.

There's some similarities with the supersonic trebuchet to these ideas, in terms of engineering.

Mach 33 is needed to escape orbit, so if you were going to launch a ball bearing into space, you'd need something at least 33 times more powerful than the rubber bands and 2x4 trebuchet.


It'd be interesting to run through those parameterizations with assumptions scaled to maximize a payload for reaching orbit using things like modern high strength steel and mechanical advantage and so on. It seems possible.

The amount of energy involved is terrifying - a space launch trebuchet would also be an anti-tank trebuchet.

> a space launch trebuchet would also be an anti-tank trebuchet

There are much easier ways to destroy a tank than a 20-billion-dollar centrifuge.

Riffing off the $200 plywood and rubber band supersonic trebuchet was where I was going - e.g. if you used higher quality materials and a few thousand dollars, could you launch a 1kg steel ball into orbit? A 500g payload? Could you use ceramics for ablative shielding designed to break open in orbit, hatching a useful cubesat type device?

The idea of hobbyist level engineering achieving orbital escape velocities is the scary bit.

The design space equations used by the trebuchet guy could answer the questions, I think.

Few with such spectacular failure modes, though.

To quote one of my favorite movies, "big bada boom."


This has an interesting set of tanning processes, but it's funny how SEO saturated this topic is. There are some video results that are probably useful, but 99% of my searches are turning up commercial garbage, and nothing to do with actually making mushroom leather.

Iirc from a podcast, sodium carbonate is used to soak amadou mushrooms for a felt-like material, which Paul Stamets uses for his hat.

You'll probably need to learn the jargon and terms of art specifying the exact types of mushroom fabrics and materials that can be produced.

Good luck!

Good find, thanks a lot!

Polly supports ssml tags for nuanced vocal inflection and emphasis. Gpt-3 could probably output high quality tags if you run your content back through with an ssml prompt.

Hmm, I'll try that, thank you! Very interesting idea.

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